TLS nonce-nse

Starting a series of blog posts on TLS 1.3, I published my notes on the landscape of cipher nonces in TLS across versions, to help me clean up the implementation. Comes with hand-drawn diagrams! TLS nonce-nse | CloudFlare Blog (archive)… »

An overview of TLS 1.3

I presented TLS 1.3 to the CloudFlare London office. Why it's faster, how it works, why it's safer, what's clever about it. The talk is recorded and comes with colored diagrams. There's a transcript on the CloudFlare blog. Update: you might want to watch my 33c3 talk on the… »

So I lost my OpenBSD FDE password

The other day I set up a new OpenBSD instance with a nice RAID array, encrypted with Full Disk Encryption. And promptly proceeded to forget part of the passphrase. We know things get interesting when I lose a password. I did a weak attempt at finding some public bruteforce tool,… »

The complete guide to Go net/http timeouts

I got an occasion to do a deep dive into net/http recently, and wrote a post about all the different timeouts you can set on the client and server side. How they work, how they interact and how to use them. The complete guide to Go net/http timeouts… »

Securing a travel iPhone

These are dry notes I took in the process of setting up a burner iPhone SE as a secure travel device. They are roughly in setup order. I believe iOS to be the most secure platform one can use at this time, but there are a lot of switches and… »

Analyzing Go Vendoring with BigQuery

GitHub published a snapshot of all the public open-source repositories to BigQuery and Francesc used it to draw some cool statistics about Go projects. I used the same dataset to analyze how the Go ecosystem does vendoring. Disclosure: there's some ego stroking here, as I'm the author of gvt. (Try… »

git fixup: --amend for older commits

Everyone knows and loves to use git commit --amend to change the latest commit. But what if you want to correct a older commit? The flow in that case involves an interactive rebase with a edit step. But that's kludgy. Here's an alias that using a couple of nifty git… »

Stale GOROOT and gorebuild

GOROOT is the path where the Go stdlib and tools reside. To make setting up Go easier, the (default) GOROOT is hardcoded in the go binary. Normally it's /usr/local/go, but if you build Go yourself it'll be whatever path you built it in. If you install Go with… »

Untrusting an intermediate CA on OS X

Intermediate CAs are certificates signed by a root CA that can sign arbitrary certificates for any websites. They are just as powerful as root CAs, but there's no full list of the ones your system trusts, because root CAs can make new ones at will, and your system will trust… »

Self-host analytics for better privacy and accuracy

Something that always annoyed me of the current state of technology is how easy and pervasive we let tracking become. Tens of connections to 3rd parties carrying Referer and Cookies just to load an article. (We give up our users to social media websites just to show a like button… »

vendorcheck: the simplest Go static analysis tool is a small tool that will make sure all your Go dependencies are properly vendored. It's so simple that it serves well as a static analysis tool skeleton, so I wrote a code-along that explains how to load and play with Go packages: Building the simplest… »

"LuckyMinus20": Yet Another Padding Oracle in OpenSSL CBC Cipher Suites

Early this week, a new OpenSSL error code padding oracle dropped. Padding oracles are one of the most fun crypto vulnerabilities, so I gave this one the full treatment: a ten lines PoC and CLI test, obviously based on a patched Go crypto/tls an… »

Shrink your Go binaries with this one weird trick

Ok, I lied, there's no weird trick. However, you can easily reduce a Go binary size by more than 6 times with some flags and common tools. Note: I don't actually believe a 30MB static binary is a problem in this day and age, and I would not trade (build… »

Understanding Metrics in the Age of the TSDB

Network and web applications generate metrics, which we usually just shovel into a library without thinking much about their true meaning or performance cost. This week I decided to read through the existing Go libraries, got halfway through writing my own, dropped it, and finally wrote this guide aimed at… »

Technical notes: mixing speaker and slides recording with FFmpeg

Usual disclaimer: "technical notes" posts are probably of zero interest to the blog followers and are just meant for Google. If they annoy, tell me and I'll get a wiki or something. In a past life I wrote FFmpeg filters, which has the interesting side effect of making you think… »

Coverage for end-to-end tests of Go programs

Getting coverage of Go unit tests (the ones in _test.go files) is easy, but there's no documented way to get coverage of tests run externally, against a running "main" binary, like integration tests. I wrote about a hack I used to solve this on the CloudFlare Blog. It amounts… »

Bleichenbacher'06 signature forgery in python-rsa

While looking at the source of python-rsa (>100K daily downloads) I found it vulnerable to a straightforward variant of the Bleichenbacher'06 attack against RSA signature verification with low public exponent. The bug allows us to forge signatures for arbitrary messages, as long as the public key has a low exponent… »

Most Go tools now work with GO15VENDOREXPERIMENT

tl;dr: 1.6 brings support for /vendor/ to most tools (like the oracle) out of the box; use the Beta to rebuild them. GO15VENDOREXPERIMENT is the native vendoring support added in Go 1.5. In short it allows you to put a package at a/vendor/x and import… »

SSLv2 redux: patching Go crypto/tls to work with IE6

tl;dr: Go crypto/tls servers can't understand a sad SSLv2-flavored compatibility trick IE6 and JDK 5/6 do, I updated a patch, don't use it. While doing large scale TLS measurement with a Go crypto/tls server for CloudFlare, I started seeing this error score pretty high in my… »

"Automated Testing with go-fuzz" @ GothamGo

In October I presented at GothamGo in NYC about what fuzzing is and how it can help you find bugs early in day to day development if you integrate it in your workflow. I specifically focused on Dmitry Vyukov's go-fuzz and provided an example of how I used it to… »